What was the name of the last person you met, who just bugged you without even trying?
Would you like to know why that happens?
The answer comes from the ancient Greeks. They originated the Four Temperaments. Back then, they believed your temperament was an actual fluid in your body. Today, while we know it’s not a fluid, we still maintain that your temperament is indeed based on your biology.
And the reason you may find yourself annoyed by the temperaments of some others, is based upon your own temperament.
The Four Temperaments are:
- Choleric: intense and action-oriented
- Melancholic: deep and idea-oriented
- Sanguine: spontaneous and people-oriented
- Phlegmatic: restrained and peace-oriented
Your temperament can also be described as your first reaction to external stimuli, environments and roles in life. This may also be partly why temperament is sometimes mistaken for character. While this misconception is understandable, they’re two different things. Your character isn’t your biology. Your temperament, on the other hand, is your biology, and you can’t change it. However, you can strengthen your character to compensate for the weaknesses in your temperament.
How? By practicing what we call your "challenge habit."
- If you’re choleric, practice humility.
- If you’re melancholic, practice audacity.
- If you’re sanguine, practice endurance.
- If you’re phlegmatic, practice taking action.
One of the benefits of practicing your challenge habit to strengthen character is that people with other temperaments will bug you less than before! The challenge habits also come from the ancient Greeks. Back then, and today, they are also known by another term: VIRTUES!
Temperament in Action...
intense and action-oriented
dynamic & active
thrives on opposition
has little need for friends
deep and idea-oriented
serious & purposeful
sets high standards
sees the problems
avoids causing attention
spontaneous and people-oriented
makes home fun
inspires others to join
doesn't hold grudges
restrained and peace-oriented
doesn't get upset easily
good under pressure
has many friends
practice TAKING ACTION